The recycling and processing of waste polyester waste plastics and waste textiles can produce chemical fibers that are comparable to raw material quality and differentiated and functional new fibers. By the end of 2016, China’s actual production of recycled polyester nearly 5.6 million tons, accounting for about 80% of global output.
Recycling The chemical fiber industry enriches traditional sources of raw materials and reduces reliance on petrochemical resources. The use of a ton of waste PET raw materials equivalent to reduce the 3.2 tons of CO 2 emissions, less about 6 tons of oil. It can be said that the normative and legal use of imported waste PET raw materials is a way to alleviate the national oil resources shortage strategy, the rapid reduction of carbon emissions in the textile industry green way.
However, in the development of the industry, some recycled polyester enterprises are small in scale, the level of pollution control is low, the pollution control facilities are not running normally and other environmental violations are prominent. Some local government departments have neglected enterprises, neglected, Businessmen use the system loopholes, the emergence of license reselling, solid waste reselling, smuggling, concealing, entrainment, etc., making the proliferation of foreign pollution serious pollution of the environment.
August 17, 2017, the “Import Waste Management Catalog” (2017) announcement was officially announced, clearly “non-industrial sources (including sources of life) of PET waste scrap and scrap and waste PET beverage bottles (bricks)” and Waste textile raw materials (11 varieties) classified as “prohibited imports of solid waste directory” in the.
This means that the production of PET products in the course of daily life, such as PET beverage bottles, Mao bottles, net bottles, waste materials recycling waste, recycled PET sheet, etc. are prohibited import range, domestic renewable PET The gap will be as high as 2.5 million tons.
In the current domestic recycling system top-level design is not perfect, recycling, sorting, circulation, processing and other long management system, the current domestic recovery will not be enough to make up 2.5 million tons of waste PET imports reduction. So, for the recycled polyester industry, raw materials from where to come? How should the path go? I have the following considerations.
First, actively cooperate with government departments, to promote waste separation, recycling, sorting, circulation and other systems construction and policy development work, establish and improve the extension of producer responsibility system, to further improve the domestic solid waste recycling rate.
From the perspective of maintaining the future development of the recycling industry and low-carbon development, the domestic renewable polyester should have a greater development in quantity, thus replacing a considerable part of the original polyester, to achieve sustainable and healthy development of chemical fiber industry.
Second, by increasing the use of waste materials without the use of the comprehensive utilization of waste textiles to improve the technical level of high-value polyester products, as soon as possible to overcome the key technical difficulties, to achieve a number of industrial and engineering production line breakthrough Will be largely rich in renewable PET raw materials.
Third, the chemical fiber plant will consider the replacement of new materials, but this is limited to some enterprises, the production of late bottles of textile enterprises, the use of slices and mixed or difficult. And renewable chemical fiber enterprises have a stable customer base and market positioning, so the use of new materials, the proportion of polyester chips is limited, and is short-term.
Fourth, the implementation of the national “area along the way” the overall strategy to strengthen international industrial cooperation in the world suitable countries and regions to set up renewable polyester enterprises, the recycled polyester industry into the global textile industry chain, to the international direction.
Southeast Asia in raw materials and labor costs there is an advantage, but also China’s textile enterprises in the main direction of the transfer. To Vietnam, for example, there are Lutai Textile, Blum Oriental, Huafang shares such as cotton enterprises in this plant, the production of various types of textiles. In the raw materials and downstream driven, renewable flakes and recycled chemical fiber enterprises for the conversion of Southeast Asia is also a certain expectation.
The current supply of recycled PET is still less than the follow-up imports are limited, the business for the fourth quarter of the market more optimistic. But environmental protection policy dominated the market in the context of uncertainties more. But also concerned about the new market changes in the market, after all, the current raw materials and new materials spread narrower. Overall, the current renewable PET market environment is more complex, it is recommended that enterprises take advantage of the opportunity to carefully manipulate.
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